Spickenreither, Martin and Braun, Stephan and Bernhardt, Günther and Dove, Stefan and Buschauer, Armin (2006) Novel 6-O-acylated vitamin C derivatives as hyaluronidase inhibitors with selectivity for bacterial lyases. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters 16 (20), pp. 5313-5316.
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Previously, we identified ascorbic acid 6-O-hexadecanoate as an up to 1500 times more potent inhibitor of bacterial and bovine hyaluronidases than the parent compound, vitamin C, and determined a crystal structure of hyaluronidase from Streptococcus pneumoniae in complex with the inhibitor. As the alkanoyl chain interacts with a hydrophobic patch of the enzyme we synthesized other 6-O-acylated vitamin C derivatives bearing various lipophilic residues and investigated the inhibition of Streptococcus agalactiae strain 4755 hyaluronidase (SagHyal(4755)) and of bovine testicular hyaluronidases (BTH) in a turbidimetric assay. All compounds showed selectivity for the bacterial enzyme. Whereas vitamin C 6-O-hexanoate only weakly inhibited SagHyal(4755), the inhibition of both enzymes increased with the length of the aliphatic chain. In the case of the 6-O-octadecanoate, IC(50) values of 0.9 and 39microM for SagHyal(4755) and BTH, respectively, were determined. Partial replacement of the aliphatic chain with a phenyl, p-phenylene or p-biphenylyl group resulted in inhibitors with activity in the lower micromolar range, too. The title compounds are among the most potent inhibitors of both enzymes known to date.
|Institutions:||Chemistry and Pharmacy > Institute of Pharmacy > Pharmaceutical/Medicinal Chemistry II (Prof. Buschauer)|
|Projects:||GRK 760, Graduiertenkolleg Medizinische Chemie|
|Keywords:||Ascorbic acid derivatives; Hyaluronidase inhibitors; Hyaluronan; Hyaluronan lyases; Bovine testicular hyaluronidase|
|Subjects:||500 Science > 570 Life sciences|
600 Technology > 610 Medical sciences Medicine
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Owner:||Prof. Armin Buschauer|
|Deposited On:||21 Feb 2008 08:27|
|Last Modified:||05 Aug 2009 13:42|